Myriads of starless worlds
(The above picture is, of course, an artist’s conception and not an astronomical photogragh.)
Please come with me as we reference two internet articles: the first on starless planets and the second on a description of Neptune, the eighth planet of our solar system.
Please read http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=free-floating-planets-microlensing
“Free Worlds: Billions of Extra-Stellar Planetary Bodies May Be Adrift in the Galaxy.”
I say this is a wonderful finding! It can explain the Genesis creation account in great details which Moses couldn’t find words or concepts for, but was in perfect agreement with! We see infallible inspiration which is complimented with science as scientific discovery unfolds!
“Astronomers believe Neptune has an inner rocky core that is surrounded by a vast ocean of water mixed with rocky material. From the inner core, this ocean extends upward until it meets a gaseous atmosphere of hydrogen, helium, and trace amounts of methane.
“Astronomers believe that Neptune has a solid core no larger than Earth (Earth's diameter is 12,756 km/7,926 mi) and that this core is composed primarily of iron and silicon. Neptune’s core may be small because most of the rock composing the planet remains mixed with the vast ocean that extends upward from the core to the atmosphere.
“Neptune’s vast body of liquid accounts for most of its volume. Scientists think this ocean is composed mostly of water as well as molecules of methane and ammonia. Neptune’s ocean is extremely hot (about 4700° C/about 8500° F). The ocean remains liquid at this temperature instead of evaporating because the pressure deep in Neptune is several million times higher than the atmospheric pressure on Earth. Higher pressure holds molecules in liquid closer together and prevents them from spreading apart to form vapor.”
What can we conclude from these articles compared with Genesis chapter 1? Could it be possible that our Creator came to one of these sunless planets, like Neptune, and began His creation work?
What we read from Moses’ concepts of the “Earth” was not of a planetary object in space, as we think of Earth today. Moses understood earth to be simply land, as he wrote of the Creator’s work, “And God called the dry land Earth.” (Gen. 1:10).
With that definition of “earth” lets return to the Genesis account of creation and see how it overlays the new scientific conclusion of a week ago concerning planets without a sun.
“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.” (Gen. 1:1). The grand, opening sentence of our beginning. This verse gives no details yet, but is perfectly situated as an overview of the following explanations. One thing we do know, a Person was the cause of life on this once sunless planet.
“And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.” (vs. 2). The land did not exist in this gaseous orb of only H2O. Probably like Neptune, our dark planet had a rock and metallic core, but its surface was of water—very dense at the bottom and growing less dense as it extended to the limit of its vaporous atmosphere. As the above article described Neptune, the dense atmosphere of Earth was a “vast ocean”.
“And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.” (Vs. 3-5). Our Creator approached with His angelic hosts, “ the morning stars” who “sang together” and “all the sons of God” who “shouted for joy” (Job 38:7).
“And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.
And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.” (Gen. 1:6-8). Our Creator called to the water vapor to rise and condense above, this leaving the heavier, already condensed water wrapping the planet in a world-wide flood of pure water. “He spake, and it was done.” (Ps. 33:9).
“And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.” (Gen. 1:9,10). “He commanded, and it stood fast.” (Ps. 33:9).
Mighty cataclysmic eruptions moved the tectonic plates deep beneath the liquid ocean floor. Plates collided and buckled, uplifting the bottom of the ocean above its surface. As the water drained, rivers formed, and a water-based ecology was born.
“And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called He Seas: and God saw that it was good.” (Gen. 1:9,10). The continents (Earth) appeared, surrounded by a vast ocean. There was much water, much more than land. The remaining water left on the uplifted tectonic plates existed in pockets, as vast lakes. Thus, with water under the firmament canopy covering the majority of Earth’s surface, the land was indundated with water vapor wafting over it; and, thus there was no need for rain.
“And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.
And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good. And the evening and the morning were the third day.” (vs. 11-13).
“And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night.” (vs. 14-16).
For three days the Creator has been the new creation’s Life-giver. Now He finally provides it with a host star, at just the right distance for this sunless planet to soak in the life-giving light and heat, without being over- or under-exposed. To our sun He delegated the role of sustaining the life He gave the planet. He has brought a dead, lifeless world to life and glory.
“He made the stars also.” (Vs. 16).
This could mean that our galaxy, the Milky Way, did not exist until the fourth day of creation. But, it seems more likely that it existed, but not where the proto-Earth sphere was located. This dead planet, without life and a hosting star, didn’t even have a galactic home in which to harbor itself. Our dark orb sat suspended in the blackness of a phenomenally gigantic void between galaxies.
“And God set them [the sun and moon] in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.” (Vs. 17-19).
Our Creator situated the Moon at a unique distance from Earth (but not coincidentally), just so that its size appeared to be the same as the Sun—which was 400 times larger, yet 400 times more distant than the Moon. So, to Adam and Eve the two heavenly objects looked the same size, and the two earthbound, inquisitive beings could look up and relate the two in many ways, learning more about the great Creator whose name was in plural, “Elohim”.
They could deduce from the brightness of one shining orb compared to the other that One Creator was greater than the other One. Even as Jesus later said, “Why callest thou Me good? there is none good but one, that is, God.” (Matt. 19:17). “My Father is greater than I.” (John 14:28). The Father, because of sin, set Himself off to the side, so that His Son could clean up the mess Lucifer had made. “And when all things shall be subdued unto Him, then shall the Son also Himself be subject unto Him that put all things under Him, that God may be all in all.” (1Cor. 15:28).
And the holy pair saw that the Milky Way represented all the myriads of “watchers...and...holy ones.” (Dan. 4:17). As David and Paul wrote of Christ and His hosts, “Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even Thy God, hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy fellows.” (Heb. 1:9). The angels would be the teachers of Adam and Eve, and the new intelligent beings would enjoy their time “under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the Father.” (Gal. 4:2).
So a world was born, populated with fish and birds and animals, and finally, personally and delicately, with humans. “And God saw every thing that He had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.” (Gen. 1:31). In six days it all came together by Christ’s voice; and in the case of Adam and Eve, by His hands and breath.
“For by Him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by Him, and for Him:
And He is before all things, and by Him all things consist….
For it pleased the Father that in Him should all fulness dwell.” (Col. 1:16,17,19).
Then, on the seventh day, He rested from His nice work, and He rested with Adam and Eve. He led them in song and in lessons derived from His creation. He gave them a personal, guided tour of their garden home. He rejoiced in the holy couple as they rejoiced. A simple home, He gave them all that joy and life require.
“Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it He had rested from all His work which God created and made.” (Gen. 2:1-3).
Long before there was a Jew or an Israelite; long before the Law of Moses, the Sabbath—the Lord’s day—existed. Unlike Israel’s ceremonial laws which looked forward to Christ’s redemption, “having a shadow of good things to come,” through the weekly Sabbath, God’s people looked back to creation. (Heb. 10:1). The seventh day Sabbath has, since the beginning, been a memorial of Creation week.
Couched in the bosom of His Ten Commandments, the Lord God set the Sabbath commandment surrounded by supporting nine other principles, the Sabbath personifying God as He sits surrounded by His hosts of heaven which continually worship before Him who “inhabitest the praises of Israel.” (Ps. 22:3). The other commandments come on strongly, demanding obedience. The fourth, the Sabbath commandment, is an invitation that begins with “Remember the Sabbath day…”
Its stipulations easily understood, it is clear as a bell which day of the week God calls His Sabbath, “The seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God” (Ex. 20:10). While it was an invitation, it was a rather loud one from Mount Sinai, with great fanfare. Lightning and thunder, a trumpet blasting louder and louder, God’s voice booming out the invitation. Said Moses to the trembling people, “God is come to prove you, and that His fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.” (Vs. 20).
Have we lost His fear and forgotten His day to remember His great work as Creator and Deliverer from sin? Have we forgotten that this planet was nothing at one time, and now it is full of life and beauty, curiosity and challenge? Have we walked away from our great Benefactor after all that He has given us? Will we return and remember Him on His special day of fellowship with us, while we spend time with Him in His holy Bible and in the lessons that the angelic hosts will still teach us from nature?
He created to rest; He labored to rest. He looked forward to the time He would have with the holy pair, bequeathing the abundant world to His beloved Adam and Eve. “Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest.” (Heb. 4:11). “There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. For he that is entered into His rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from His.” (Heb. 4:9,10). He still looks forward to time spent together with us.