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“Oh, the unspeakable greatness of that exchange,—the Sinless One is condemned, and he who is guilty goes free; the Blessing bears the curse, and the cursed is brought into blessing; the Life dies, and the dead live; the Glory is whelmed in darkness, and he who knew nothing but confusion of face is clothed with glory.” Trailady

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Friday, October 17, 2014

Jeremiah 30 and 31, my commentary

 
 
Jer 30:1  The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying,
Jer 30:2  Thus speaketh the LORD God of Israel, saying, Write thee all the words that I have spoken unto thee in a book.
 
A book represented the archiving of the following essential words. These were words that must never be forgotten. As important as Isaiah’s similar command and following message, “Now go, write it before them in a table, and note it in a book, that it may be for the time to come for ever and ever.” (Isa. 30:8).
 
Jer 30:3  For, lo, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will bring again the captivity of my people Israel and Judah, saith the LORD: and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it.
 
The days referred to here are the full conquest of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar. The 1st of three conquests had already happened and the Jews lost King Jehoiachin and much of the talent and leadership of Judah. The preceding chapter records Jeremiah’s counsel for the Jews to plan for a long stay in captivity. This divine revelation they rejected and planned to punish Jeremiah for speaking ill of their hopes to be delivered and returned to Jerusalem promptly.
 
The remaining Jews still believed that the Lord was happy with them and that He would save those who had been taken captive. Therefore, Jehovah whom they had offended by committing whoredom in Baal, had just begun to punish them. Somehow He must convince them of their grievous wrong by worshiping Satan and his devils. Thus, Jeremiah’s message was of a 70 year captivity. But, what we learn more from Joel was that it would actually span 4 pagan conquering nations.
 
 “Hear this, ye old men, and give ear, all ye inhabitants of the land. Hath this been in your days, or even in the days of your fathers? Tell ye your children of it, and let your children tell their children, and their children another generation. That which the palmerworm hath left hath the locust eaten; and that which the locust hath left hath the cankerworm eaten; and that which the cankerworm hath left hath the caterpiller eaten.” (Joel 1:2-4).
 
Fours waves of voracious pagan conquerors would overwhelm Israel and rape them of every gift from Jehovah, including the Hebrew religion from Abraham, Moses, David, and the prophets. Thus, Jeremiah’s message really encompassed 6 centuries. This will become clearer as we continue with chapter 30 and 31.
 
Jer 30:4  And these are the words that the LORD spake concerning Israel and concerning Judah.
Jer 30:5  For thus saith the LORD; We have heard a voice of trembling, of fear, and not of peace.
Jer 30:6  Ask ye now, and see whether a man doth travail with child? wherefore do I see every man with his hands on his loins, as a woman in travail, and all faces are turned into paleness?
Jer 30:7  Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob’s trouble.
 
The tolerance of God had come to its limit. Mercy would no longer restrain justice. Their presumption had caused a high dam of potential wrath, which must now be released with a deluge of death. The high God of truth will not restrain His just punishment forever. Even if He waits a long time to execute His promised judgments, He “will by no means clear the guilty.” (Ex. 34:7).
 
“Beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. But the day of the Lord will come.” (2Pet. 3:8-10).
 
Jer 30:7  But he shall be saved out of it.
 
This was the same message of surrender to Israel through Isaiah, which also was to be recorded for posterity. “Now go, write it before them in a table, and note it in a book, that it may be for the time to come for ever and ever:… For thus saith the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel; In returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength.” (Isa. 30:8, 15). Jeremiah’s message took the representation of childbirth. The bold-face pride and arrogance would turn to stark fear and paleness at the sight of King Nebuchadnezzar’s unstoppable Babylonian armies, who was known to roast his enemies in his brick kilns. Intestinal fortitude would vanish at the presence of the ravenous hordes, and their insides would feel like they were giving birth.
 
But, as it was for the 10 northern tribes, the only way to be saved was in surrender to the control of God. Yet, surrender didn’t come natural to them, so they continued on in self-dependence and in self-exalting, lawless Baal worship, “…ye would not”. Therefore, Jehovah must punish them for their departure from their Creator, and for the national repudiation of every principle of God’s Law. Iniquity had run rampant, and the poor, weak, foreigners, and aged were getting abused by the rich, politically networked, and x-geners.
 
This was the same response to Isaiah’s call to surrender self. They wouldn’t have anything to do with it, even though surrender to God was the sign of a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. This is because they had set their sights on the world’s standard, and no one else of the nations ever surrendered self to God’s rebukes and punishments. It just wasn’t cool.
 
“For thus saith the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel; In returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength: and ye would not.
But ye said, No; for we will flee upon horses; therefore shall ye flee: and, We will ride upon the swift; therefore shall they that pursue you be swift.
One thousand shall flee at the rebuke of one; at the rebuke of five shall ye flee: till ye be left as a beacon upon the top of a mountain, and as an ensign on an hill.
And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you: for the LORD is a God of judgment: blessed are all they that wait for him.” (Isa. 30:15-18).
 
Their sins had reached unto heaven and God had remembered their wickedness. Yet, He loved them and would use this as an opportunity to teach surrender. Now 100 years later, Jeremiah’s message from the Lord was that whoever would fight against their heaven-sent ministers of punishment would die in the battle. But, whoever would give up and accept their punishment from providence would live and serve a lifetime of servitude. They would learn service to others and self-forgetfulness; but they would learn it the hard way.
 
“For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will make thee a terror to thyself, and to all thy friends: and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and thine eyes shall behold it: and I will give all Judah into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall carry them captive into Babylon, and shall slay them with the sword. Moreover I will deliver all the strength of this city, and all the labours thereof, and all the precious things thereof, and all the treasures of the kings of Judah will I give into the hand of their enemies, which shall spoil them, and take them, and carry them to Babylon.” (Jer. 20:4, 5).
 
“Thus saith the LORD, He that remaineth in this city [to defend it] shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: but he that goeth forth to the Chaldeans [and to their captivity] shall live; for he shall have his life for a prey, and shall live.” (Jer. 38:2).
 
“Thus saith the LORD God of Israel; Behold, I will turn back the weapons of war that are in your hands, wherewith ye fight against the king of Babylon, and against the Chaldeans, which besiege you without the walls, and I will assemble them into the midst of this city. And I myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and with a strong arm, even in anger, and in fury, and in great wrath.” (Jer. 21:4, 5).
 
Then, once humbled and having learned to bow their pride, the Lord would release them to freedom. But, dying to self is the all-time lesson of life. It’s the great principle that Jesus perpetuated. “For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it.” (Matt. 16:25). Through their punishing captivity Judah would learn surrender of the heart and receive salvation. “He shall be saved out of it.”
 
This may be how Paul arrived at his doctrine, “Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression. Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.” (1Tim. 2:14, 15). While the men would learn surrender of the soul in the traumas of battle, through the trauma and trial of childbirth, the women would learn surrender to their Creator. The Jews, having departed from their Lord, would find a sure loss of control and will in the face of the juggernaut Babylonian armies. They must surrender or die. The men must, as it were, give birth and be saved in “childbearing”. Then, salvation could be found through surrender of the soul, and only through surrender.
 
But, the God of love attached His promise for their surrender with His threat toward their continued self-worship. Just as quickly as the punishment came for apostasy to Baal would likewise come His restoration and rewards for obedience to Him and His Law.
 
Jer 30:8  For it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts, that I will break his yoke from off thy neck, and will burst thy bonds, and strangers shall no more serve themselves of him:
Jer 30:9  But they shall serve the LORD their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up unto them.
 
Their liberation would come because they successfully learned to serve the true God of peace and truth. “Let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I am the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight, saith the LORD.” (Jer. 9:24).
 
David their king was not the reincarnation of David the son of Jesse. Jehovah often spoke in parables, as it is written, “All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them.” (Matt. 13:34). “And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables? He answered and said unto them, …Whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.” (Matt. 13:10-13).
 
Jesus quoted Isaiah as already have judged Israel a century before He spoke to Jeremiah. “And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive: for this people’s heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.” (Matt. 13:14, 15).
 
The promises to Jeremiah were long range and in coded language. They spoke of the church and the Early Rain of the Holy Spirit. “David their king, whom I will raise up unto them” was the Branch, the Messiah, whom Jeremiah had already announced that God would raise up. “Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.” (Jer. 23:5, 6). Today’s Jewish rabbis expect a resurrection of King David, which they have misunderstood because they rejected the Messiah when He came 2,000 years ago for the redemption of the transgression that were under the old covenant.
 
“David”, the man after the Lord’s own heart, was Jesus, the son of David. Here is the first of many promises to ancient Israel that are more correctly fulfilled in what Paul called the New Testament “Israel of God” (Gal. 6:16), the church of Christ. So, while these promises comforted the hearts of ancient Judah, as the Lord intended, their final fulfillment would not come to pass to the Jews, as God had really desired. But, they could not enter into His rest because of full acceptance to the lawless spiritualistic worship of Baal and its fruit of determined unbelief toward Jehovah. Therefore, He would eventually have to “cast away his people” Israel who He didn’t know (Rom. 11:2). He would cut off the nation, but save “some of them” (Rom. 11:14). He would not have to lose them all, because a remnant would surrender and return to Him in repentance. “And yet for all that, when they be in the land of their enemies, I will not cast them away, neither will I abhor them, to destroy them utterly, and to break my covenant with them: for I am the LORD their God.” (Lev. 26:44). His mercy would still endure with those who would surrender their heart.
 
Jer 30:10  Therefore fear thou not, O my servant Jacob, saith the LORD; neither be dismayed, O Israel: for, lo, I will save thee from afar, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and shall be in rest, and be quiet, and none shall make him afraid.
 
But, while the Lord could not give Jeremiah’s people the true rewards that He wanted, He stayed with them and worked with them. Yet, the promises of justice and later blessing more truly ended when the apostles led the new Israel, and the same punishing situation among the Jews that ended in the Early Rain of the Holy Spirit would repeat again with Protestantism in the Latter Rain. The church would again go into captivity for 1,260 years, and afterwards pass through 500 years of probation, a period concluding with the Advent movement. But, just as the Jews’ deeper captivity continued down through the inter-Testamental period until John the Baptist stood up to announce the Messiah, so would a captivity to correct the deeper rebellion continue during the investigative judgment upon the Sunday denominations and the sabbatarian Adventists. And it will close with the yet future Midnight Cry, “Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him.” (Matt. 25:6). So, all of Jeremiah’s words apply to modern Adventists as well as the ancient Jews.

We have this statement, “I question whether genuine rebellion is ever curable.” Selected Messages, bk. 2 p. 393. In the Old Testament we see that because genuine rebellion was incurable, death must come and clear out the rebels, sparing those who would give in to God’s standard. During this investigative judgment period, whole generations have passed away for the same reason. But, in the end God will have a generation, chosen and faithful, “the seed should come to whom the promise was made.” (Gal. 3:19).

Jer 30:11  For I am with thee, saith the LORD, to save thee: though I make a full end of all nations whither I have scattered thee, yet will I not make a full end of thee: but I will correct thee in measure, and will not leave thee altogether unpunished.
Jer 30:12  For thus saith the LORD, Thy bruise is incurable, and thy wound is grievous.
Jer 30:13  There is none to plead thy cause, that thou mayest be bound up: thou hast no healing medicines.
Jer 30:14  All thy lovers have forgotten thee; they seek thee not; for I have wounded thee with the wound of an enemy, with the chastisement of a cruel one, for the multitude of thine iniquity; because thy sins were increased.
Jer 30:15  Why criest thou for thine affliction? thy sorrow is incurable for the multitude of thine iniquity: because thy sins were increased, I have done these things unto thee.
 
What has the Advent movement done to merit such an application from Jeremiah? Haven’t we done better than the people of God in the Old Testament? No, we haven’t.
 
     “I am filled with sadness when I think of our condition as a people. The Lord has not closed heaven to us, but our own course of continual backsliding has separated us from God. Pride, covetousness, and love of the world have lived in the heart without fear of banishment or condemnation. Grievous and presumptuous sins have dwelt among us. And yet the general opinion is that the church is flourishing and that peace and spiritual prosperity are in all her borders.
     “The church has turned back from following Christ her Leader and is steadily retreating toward Egypt. Yet few are alarmed or astonished at their want of spiritual power. Doubt, and even disbelief of the testimonies of the Spirit of God, is leavening our churches everywhere. Satan would have it thus. Ministers who preach self instead of Christ would have it thus. The testimonies are unread and unappreciated. God has spoken to you. Light has been shining from His word and from the testimonies, and both have been slighted and disregarded. The result is apparent in the lack of purity and devotion and earnest faith among us.” Testimonies for the church, vol. 5, p. 217.
 
Are we doing better than in the days of our Adventist forefathers? Look at the current chasing after Spiritual Formation like swift domedaries. “How canst thou say, I am not polluted, I have not gone after Baalim? see thy way in the valley, know what thou hast done: thou art a swift dromedary traversing her ways” (Jer. 2:23). But, the Lord will finish His investigative judgment with His last church. To Adventism He gives the great promises of old, the promise of deliverance from the delusions of Babylon.
 
Jer 30:16  Therefore all they that devour thee shall be devoured; and all thine adversaries, every one of them, shall go into captivity; and they that spoil thee shall be a spoil, and all that prey upon thee will I give for a prey.
 
This is the verse quoted in Revelation to be claimed by the persecuted church of the wilderness. “He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.” (Rev. 13:10).
 
Jer 30:17  For I will restore health unto thee, and I will heal thee of thy wounds, saith the LORD; because they called thee an Outcast, saying, This is Zion, whom no man seeketh after.
 
The persecuted Waldensian of the Dark Ages was called a “heretic”. The Church of Rome has called the Adventists of the investigated judgment a “cult”. If that doesn’t get up the ire of Christendom against them, the faithful Adventists will be called “terrorists”. But, they will regain the glorious crown of righteousness, and the restored manifested acceptance of God when they wake up from the spell Babylon has put on them (see Matt. 25:6,7).
 
Jer 30:18  Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will bring again the captivity of Jacob’s tents, and have mercy on his dwellingplaces; and the city shall be builded upon her own heap, and the palace shall remain after the manner thereof.
Jer 30:19  And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of them that make merry: and I will multiply them, and they shall not be few; I will also glorify them, and they shall not be small.
Jer 30:20  Their children also shall be as aforetime, and their congregation shall be established before me, and I will punish all that oppress them.
Jer 30:21  And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that engaged his heart to approach unto me? saith the LORD.
Jer 30:22  And ye shall be my people, and I will be your God.
 
The church of the investigative judgment, though Laodicean, will come alive again as it was when Philadelphia described it. It will be rebuilt upon its old platform, with new truths in old framework. The revival will bustle with new life, as thousands are converted in a day and join those being sealed in the Advent movement. Babylon will fall and will no more serve themselves upon the Adventist rebels.
 
But, until that glorious time, we are greatly deserving of retribution for our refusal to obey our Lord in His heavenly Most Holy Place. Our punishment is due.
 
Jer 30:23  Behold, the whirlwind of the LORD goeth forth with fury, a continuing whirlwind: it shall fall with pain upon the head of the wicked.
Jer 30:24  The fierce anger of the LORD shall not return, until he have done it, and until he have performed the intents of his heart: in the latter days ye shall consider it.
Jer 31:1  At the same time, saith the LORD, will I be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be my people.
Jer 31:2  Thus saith the LORD, The people which were left of the sword found grace in the wilderness; even Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.
 
To reiterate, before the crown comes the cross. We must learn the lessons of sanctification and turn away from this idolatrous world. “While the investigative judgment is going forward in heaven, while the sins of penitent believers are being removed from the sanctuary, there is to be a special work of purification, of putting away of sin, among God’s people upon earth.” The Great Controversy, p. 425. And then “He will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.” (Hos. 6:2).
 
Jer 31:3  The LORD hath appeared of old unto me, saying, Yea, I have loved thee with an everlasting love: therefore with lovingkindness have I drawn thee.
Jer 31:4  Again I will build thee, and thou shalt be built, O virgin of Israel: thou shalt again be adorned with thy tabrets, and shalt go forth in the dances of them that make merry.
Jer 31:5  Thou shalt yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant, and shall eat them as common things.
Jer 31:6  For there shall be a day, that the watchmen upon the mount Ephraim shall cry, Arise ye, and let us go up to Zion unto the LORD our God.
Jer 31:7  For thus saith the LORD; Sing with gladness for Jacob, and shout among the chief of the nations: publish ye, praise ye, and say, O LORD, save thy people, the remnant of Israel.
 
This foretells of the tremendous evangelism that will occur before Jesus returns in power and glory. “This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.” (Matt. 24:14).
 
“In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel. And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every one that is written among the living in Jerusalem: when the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.” (Isa. 4:2-4).
 
Jer 31:8  Behold, I will bring them from the north country, and gather them from the coasts of the earth, and with them the blind and the lame, the woman with child and her that travaileth with child together: a great company shall return thither.
Jer 31:9  They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.
 
Ephraim was the leading tribe of the northern kingdom of Israel. As a second application of the literal apostatized northern tribes strewn around the world by Assyria, Ephraim or “Israel” symbolizes the Protestant churches who departed from the God of the Bible. They kept the holy name of the Reformation, but went off into spiritual darkness. But, many among the Sunday denominations too will be saved through the tribulation that has come to them for leaving God and His commandments. Distant Protestants, like the far away islands of the sea, will desire obedience to the seventh-day Sabbath and will return to the whole will of God.
 
Jer 31:10  Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock.
Jer 31:11  For the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he.
 
 
The Adventist 144,000 served them the truth of God’s grace and truth, and multitudes will respond. “After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands; and cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb. And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God, saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.” (Rev. 7:9-12). “And so all Israel shall be saved.” (Rom. 11:26).
 
Jer 31:12  Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow together to the goodness of the LORD, for wheat, and for wine, and for oil, and for the young of the flock and of the herd: and their soul shall be as a watered garden; and they shall not sorrow any more at all.
Jer 31:13  Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, both young men and old together: for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow.
Jer 31:14  And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness, saith the LORD.
 
Great will be that day! But, before that celebration must come a reminder of the just punishment for their disobedience to glorify God, and ours. Then, comes the promise of an end with hope.
 
Here is another evidence that the fulfillment did not come until Jesus ministered to Israel. Jesus claimed for the church a similar promise from Isaiah to Israel. “The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; to proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn; to appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified. And they shall build the old wastes, they shall raise up the former desolations, and they shall repair the waste cities, the desolations of many generations.” (Isa. 61:1-4).
 
Jer 31:15  Thus saith the LORD; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping; Rahel weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they were not.
Jer 31:16  Thus saith the LORD; Refrain thy voice from weeping, and thine eyes from tears: for thy work shall be rewarded, saith the LORD; and they shall come again from the land of the enemy.
Jer 31:17  And there is hope in thine end, saith the LORD, that thy children shall come again to their own border.
Jer 31:18  I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God.
Jer 31:19  Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.
 
Before the great revival of Israel in the apostolic church, the Jews must be devastated by Babylon and the next 3 pagan empires. The Babylonian siege upon the Jews of Jeremiah’s  day would result in the loss of much life, poetically seen as Rachel weeping when she looks upon Jerusalem’s destruction. But, such drastic measures from heaven would bring about God’s desired result, repentance.

True repentance is sorrow for sin and turning away from it. “Ye shall defile also the covering of thy graven images of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence.” (Isa. 30:22). It involves a hatred of sin and a sorrow for what it has done to the heart of God. This kind of change in a man is what turns the Lord back to him in immediate, full forgiveness.
 
Jer 31:20  Is Ephraim my dear son? is he a pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the LORD.
Jer 31:21  Set thee up waymarks, make thee high heaps: set thine heart toward the highway, even the way which thou wentest: turn again, O virgin of Israel, turn again to these thy cities.
 
Virgin daughter? After all of her adultery with Baal and filthy Ashtoreth? After teaching the people of the Lord to be filthy? Yes, the whole nation would repent (that is, the remnant of Israel, the church), the whole nation (the chosen generation) would be delivered from Babylonian idolatry. Jehovah would see them as virgin, as never having sinned against Him. This kind of mercy is just like the language to the rebellious Corinthians. “Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called…saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours.” (1Cor. 1:2). “And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.” (1Cor. 6:11).
 
Many similar rebels will unite with the Advent movement, who have come out of atheism, hedonism, the gay life, prostitution, drugs. These will be called saints when they bow to the powerful sight of Jesus and His love, seen in His grace and truth, His mercy and justice.
 
Jer 31:22  How long wilt thou go about, O thou backsliding daughter? for the LORD hath created a new thing in the earth, A woman shall compass a man.
 
Isaiah explains the meaning of this new thing. The rebellious fathers’ descendents, “them that are escaped of Israel” (Isa. 4:2), will serve the true God and surround Jesus. “In that day seven women shall take hold of one man, saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by thy name, to take away our reproach.” (Isa. 4:1). Those who would come away from captivity would be soundly converted and would fix their hope in Jesus.
 
Jer 31:23  Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; As yet they shall use this speech in the land of Judah and in the cities thereof, when I shall bring again their captivity; The LORD bless thee, O habitation of justice, and mountain of holiness.
Jer 31:24  And there shall dwell in Judah itself, and in all the cities thereof together, husbandmen, and they that go forth with flocks.
Jer 31:25  For I have satiated the weary soul, and I have replenished every sorrowful soul.
 
The Lord’s blessings can’t get any better than satiation. This does not mean indulgence. It means that the desolate hearts that served Satan and could never find rest, now know abundant rest of heart and mind, and can finally enjoy the simple pleasures that flow from the hand of God. Jesus is the same Lord of the Old Testament as He is of the New. “Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.” (Matt.11:28, 29).
 
Jer 31:26  Upon this I awaked, and beheld; and my sleep was sweet unto me.
 
After all the many months and years of Jeremiah’s sorrowful reproving, he finally got some rest of soul. He saw his people get rest and comfort, and this brought the same to the prophet of Jehovah.
 
Jer 31:27  Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man, and with the seed of beast.
Jer 31:28  And it shall come to pass, that like as I have watched over them, to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw down, and to destroy, and to afflict; so will I watch over them, to build, and to plant, saith the LORD.
Jer 31:29  In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children’s teeth are set on edge.
Jer 31:30  But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eateth the sour grape, his teeth shall be set on edge.
 
Out of the loss of freedom and a grieving heart, and only out of those terrible ordeals, a new heart and character could be given to the virgin daughter of Israel.
 
Jer 31:31  Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:
Jer 31:32  Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD:
Jer 31:33  But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Jer 31:34  And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
 
This is another connection to Paul’s understanding that the church was meant in these promises. To him, the primary fulfillment of this was the Early Rain of the Spirit of God. “For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.
For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.” (Heb. 8:8-12).
 
Jer 31:35  Thus saith the LORD, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; The LORD of hosts is his name:
Jer 31:36  If those ordinances depart from before me, saith the LORD, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever.
Jer 31:37  Thus saith the LORD; If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel for all that they have done, saith the LORD.
Jer 31:38  Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the city shall be built to the LORD from the tower of Hananeel unto the gate of the corner.
Jer 31:39  And the measuring line shall yet go forth over against it upon the hill Gareb, and shall compass about to Goath.
Jer 31:40  And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever.
 
This, again, is not fulfilled until the church, and beyond to the heavenly capital of God.
 
“For the LORD hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit, and a wife of youth, when thou wast refused, saith thy God.
For a small moment have I forsaken thee; but with great mercies will I gather thee.
In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the LORD thy Redeemer.
For this is as the waters of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth; so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee.
For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the LORD that hath mercy on thee.
O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires.
And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones.
And all thy children shall be taught of the LORD; and great shall be the peace of thy children.
In righteousness shalt thou be established: thou shalt be far from oppression; for thou shalt not fear: and from terror; for it shall not come near thee.” (Isa. 54:1-3, 6-14).
 
“And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away. And the building of the wall of it was of jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass. And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald; the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst. And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass.” (Rev. 21:2-4, 18-21).

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